A stone retaining wall holds back soil and add enormous beauty to your landscape. It prevents the erosion or sliding of the soil.
A stone retaining wall has 5 major types:
- Gravity Retaining Wall – It relies completely on its own weight to stand up. The ones used for landscaping purpose are made of mortarless stone or segmental concrete units.
- Cantilever Retaining Wall – These are made of reinforced concrete that functions on the principles of leverage. Their stem is much thinner. Their base is divided in two parts- heel and toe. The base under the backfill is called heel and toe and is another part of the base.
- Sheet Piling Retaining Wall – These walls are mostly used in soft soils and tight spaces. These are made of steel, vinyl or wood planks.
- Bored Pile Retaining Wall –It is considered an economical and cost-effective method of constructing either temporary or permanent retaining wall. It is mainly used in the construction of basement retaining walls. It avoids too much excavation to control ground movements.
- Anchored Retaining Walls – It includes cables or rods anchored in the rock or soil, behind the wall. It is used where high loads are expected.
- The first thing you should remember is back filling in several layers is important for a strong structure.You can do it with increments of 8,10 and 12 inches, against the wall. If you do not want a sunken wall in the future, it is important to compact it well.
- To build a stone retaining wall, people normally use stone, brick, timber and concrete. Brick could be a good choice to give your wall a dignified look. Timber can be another option to build the wall as it is much cheaper and easier to handle than other materials.
- Since building a stone retaining wall is a complicated process, it is important to hire a professional with extensive experience.
- If you want to back fill the dirt, you can consider putting blue stone caps and then cementing it.
- It would be sensible to install a gravel base if you are building a retaining wall to hold back the soil. It can be done with a filter fabric and pipe. It will direct the water to your chosen route.
- The alignment and level of your wall’s each block should be checked. It would be easier if you start with a level foundation to do this job smoothly.
- If building a straight wall is not a priority,creating a curve could be a better choice. You can do it by placing a garden hose to the spot where you want to build the wall and dig about 4 inches in the front, following the hose’s curve.
Here are 7 important facts you must know before building a stone retaining wall:
The tips mentioned above are helpful to keep in mind before you start constructing a stone retaining wall.